List of Central Banks

central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state’s currency, money supply, and interest rates. Central banks also usually oversee the commercial banking system of their respective countries. In contrast to a commercial bank, a central bank possesses a monopoly on increasing the monetary base in the state, and usually also prints the national currency,[1] which usually serves as the state’s legal tender. Central banks also act as a “lender of last resort” to the banking sector during times of financial crisis. Most central banks usually also have supervisory and regulatory powers to ensure the solvency of member institutions, prevent bank runs, and prevent reckless or fraudulent behavior by member banks.

List of Central Banks Around the World

Countries Central Banks 
Afghanistan Central Bank of Afghanistan (Da Afghanistan Bank)
Albania Bank of Albania (Banka e Shqipërisë)
Algeria Bank of Algeria (بنك الجزائر)
Angola Central Bank of Angola (Banco Nacional de Angola)
Argentina Central Bank of Argentina (Banco Central de la República Argentina)
Armenia Central Bank of the Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Կենտրոնական Բանկ, Hayastani Kentronakan Bank)
Aruba Central Bank of Aruba (Centrale Bank van Aruba)[1]
Australia Reserve Bank of Australia
Azerbaijan Central Bank of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Mərkəzi Bankı)
Bahamas Central Bank of The Bahamas
Bahrain Central Bank of Bahrain (مصرف البحرين المركزي)
Bangladesh Bangladesh Bank (বাংলাদেশ ব্যাংক)
Barbados Central Bank of Barbados
Belarus National Bank of the Republic of Belarus (Нацыянальны банк Рэспублікі Беларусь)
Belize Central Bank of Belize
Bermuda Bermuda Monetary Authority
Bhutan Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan
Bolivia Central Bank of Bolivia (Banco Central de Bolivia)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Centralna Banka Bosne i Hercegovine)
Botswana Bank of Botswana
Brazil Central Bank of Brazil (Banco Central do Brasil)
Brunei Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam (Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam)
Bulgaria Bulgarian National Bank (Българска народна банка)
Burundi Bank of the Republic of Burundi (Banque de la République du Burundi / Ibanki ya Republika Y’UBurundi)
Cambodia National Bank of Cambodia (ធនាគារជាតិ នៃ កម្ពុជា)
Canada Bank of Canada (Banque du Canada)
Cape Verde Bank of Cape Verde (Banco de Cabo Verde)
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Monetary Authority
French Polynesia Overseas Issuing Institute (Institut d’émission d’Outre-Mer)
New Caledonia Overseas Issuing Institute (Institut d’émission d’Outre-Mer)
Wallis and Futuna Overseas Issuing Institute (Institut d’émission d’Outre-Mer)
Chile Central Bank of Chile (Banco Central de Chile)
China People’s Bank of China (中国人民銀行)
Colombia Bank of the Republic (Banco de la República)
Comoros Central Bank of the Comoros (Banque Centrale des Comores)
Congo, Democratic Republic of Central Bank of the Congo (Banque Centrale du Congo)
Costa Rica Central Bank of Costa Rica (Banco Central de Costa Rica)
Cuba Central Bank of Cuba (Banco Central de Cuba)
Curaçao Central Bank of Curaçao and Sint Maarten (Centrale bank van Curaçao en Sint Maarten)
Djibouti Central Bank of Djibouti (Banque Centrale de Djibouti)
Dominican Republic Central Bank of the Dominican Republic (Banco Central de la República Dominicana)
East Timor Central Bank of East Timor (Banco Central de Timor-Leste / Banku Sentrál Timor-Leste)
Cameroon Bank of Central African States (Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale, BEAC)
Central African Republic Bank of Central African States (Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale, BEAC)
Chad Bank of Central African States (Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale, BEAC)
Congo, Republic of Bank of Central African States (Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale, BEAC)
Equatorial Guinea Bank of Central African States (Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale, BEAC)
Gabon Bank of Central African States (Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale, BEAC)
Ecuador Central Bank of Ecuador (Banco Central del Ecuador)[3]
Egypt Central Bank of Egypt (البنك المركزي المصري)
El Salvador Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador (Banco Central de Reserva de El Salvador)[3]
Eritrea Bank of Eritrea
Ethiopia National Bank of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ)
Austria Oesterreichische Nationalbank
Belgium National Bank of Belgium (Nationale Bank van België / Banque nationale de Belgique/Belgische Nationalbank )
Cyprus Central Bank of Cyprus (Κεντρική Τράπεζα της Κύπρου / Kıbrıs Merkez Bankası)
Estonia Bank of Estonia (Eesti Pank)
Finland Bank of Finland (Suomen Pankki/Finlands Bank)
France Bank of France (Banque de France)
Germany Deutsche Bundesbank
Greece Bank of Greece (Τράπεζα της Ελλάδος)
Ireland Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland (Banc Ceannais agus Údarás Seirbhísí Airgeadais na hÉireann)
Italy Bank of Italy (Banca d’Italia)
Latvia Bank of Latvia (Latvijas Banka)
Lithuania Bank of Lithuania (Lietuvos Bankas)
Luxembourg Central Bank of Luxembourg (Banque centrale du Luxembourg)
Malta Central Bank of Malta (Bank Ċentrali ta’ Malta)
Netherlands De Nederlandsche Bank
Portugal Bank of Portugal (Banco de Portugal)
Slovakia National Bank of Slovakia (Národná banka Slovenska)
Slovenia Bank of Slovenia (Banka Slovenije)
Spain Bank of Spain (Banco de España)
Bulgaria Bulgarian National Bank (Българска народна банка)
Croatia Croatian National Bank (Hrvatska narodna banka)
Czech Republic Czech National Bank (Česká národní banka)
Denmark Danmarks Nationalbank
Hungary Hungarian National Bank (Magyar Nemzeti Bank)
Poland National Bank of Poland (Narodowy Bank Polski)
Romania National Bank of Romania (Banca Națională a României)
Sweden Sveriges Riksbank[6]
United Kingdom Bank of England
Fiji Reserve Bank of Fiji
Gambia Central Bank of The Gambia
Georgia National Bank of Georgia (საქართველოს ეროვნული ბანკი)
Ghana Bank of Ghana
Guatemala Bank of Guatemala (Banco de Guatemala)
Guinea Central Bank of the Republic of Guinea (Banque Centrale de la République de Guinée)
Guyana Bank of Guyana
Haiti Bank of the Republic of Haiti (Banque de la République d’Haïti)
Hong Kong Hong Kong Monetary Authority (香港金融管理局)[7]
Honduras Central Bank of Honduras (Banco Central de Honduras)
Holy See Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See[8][9]
Iceland Central Bank of Iceland (Seðlabanki Íslands)
India Reserve Bank of India (भारतीय रिज़र्व बैंक)
Indonesia Bank of Indonesia (Bank Indonesia)
Iran Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran (بانک مرکزی ایران)
Iraq Central Bank of Iraq (البنك المركزي العراقي )
Israel Bank of Israel (בנק ישראל)
Jamaica Bank of Jamaica
Japan Bank of Japan (日本銀行)
Jordan Central Bank of Jordan (البنك المركزي الاردني)
Kazakhstan National Bank of Kazakhstan (Қазақстан Ұлттық Банкі)
Kenya Central Bank of Kenya (Benki Kuu ya Kenya)
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Central Bank of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (조선민주주의인민공화국중앙은행)
Korea, Republic of Bank of Korea (한국은행)
Kuwait Central Bank of Kuwait (بنك الكويت المركزي)
Kyrgyzstan National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic (Кыргыз Республикасынын Улуттук Банкы)
Laos Bank of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (ທະນາຄານ ແຫ່ງ ສ. ປ. ປ. ລາວ)
Latvia see: European Union
Lebanon Banque du Liban (مصرف لبنان)
Lesotho Central Bank of Lesotho (Banka e Kholo ea Lesotho)
Liberia Central Bank of Liberia
Libya Central Bank of Libya (مصرف ليبيا المركزي)
Liechtenstein National bank of Liechtenstein (Liechtensteinische Landesbank)
Macau Monetary Authority of Macao (澳門金融管理局)[7]
Macedonia, Republic of National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia (Народна банка на Република Македонија)
Madagascar Central Bank of Madagascar (Banque Centrale de Madagascar / Banky Foiben’i Madagasikara)
Malawi Reserve Bank of Malawi
Malaysia Central Bank of Malaysia (Bank Negara Malaysia)
Maldives Maldives Monetary Authority
Mauritania Central Bank of Mauritania (Banque Centrale de Mauritanie)
Mauritius Bank of Mauritius
Mexico Bank of Mexico (Banco de México)
Moldova National Bank of Moldova (Banca Naţională a Moldovei)
Mongolia Bank of Mongolia (Монгол банк Дэлгэрсайхан)
Montenegro Central Bank of Montenegro (Centralna Banka Crne Gore)
Morocco Bank Al-Maghrib (بنك المغرب)
Mozambique Bank of Mozambique (Banco de Moçambique)
Myanmar Central Bank of Myanmar
Namibia Bank of Namibia
Nepal Nepal Rastra Bank (नेपाल राष्ट्र बैंक)
Netherlands Antilles Bank of the Netherlands Antilles (Bank van de Nederlandse Antillen)[1](See Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles)
New Zealand Reserve Bank of New Zealand (Te Pūtea Matua)
Nicaragua Central Bank of Nicaragua (Banco Central de Nicaragua)
Nigeria Central Bank of Nigeria
Norway Norges Bank
Oman Central Bank of Oman (البنك المركزي العماني)
Anguilla Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Antigua and Barbuda Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Dominica Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Grenada Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Montserrat Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Saint Kitts and Nevis Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Saint Lucia Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Pakistan State Bank of Pakistan (بینک دولت پاکستان)
Palestine Palestine Monetary Authority (سلطة النقد الفلسطينية)
Panama National Bank of Panama (Banco Nacional de Panamá) Although, Panama does not have any official Central Bank.
Papua New Guinea Bank of Papua New Guinea
Paraguay Central Bank of Paraguay (Banco Central del Paraguay)
Peru Central Reserve Bank of Peru (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)
Philippines Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (although translated as “Central Bank of the Philippines”, the translation was the name of the old central bank that was rechartered in 1993 and became the Bangko Sentral.)
Qatar Qatar Central Bank (مصرف قطر المركزي)
Russia Bank of Russia (Центральный банк Российской Федерации)
Rwanda National Bank of Rwanda (Banque Nationale du Rwanda / Banki Nkuru y’u Rwanda)
Samoa Central Bank of Samoa (Faletupe Tutotonu o Samoa)
San Marino Central Bank of the Republic of San Marino (Banca Centrale della Repubblica di San Marino)
São Tomé and Príncipe Central Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe (Banco Central de São Tomé e Príncipe)
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (مؤسسة النقد العربي السعودي)
Serbia National Bank of Serbia (Народна банка Србије / Narodna banka Srbije)
Seychelles Central Bank of Seychelles
Sierra Leone Bank of Sierra Leone
Singapore Monetary Authority of Singapore
Sint Maarten Central Bank of Curaçao and Sint Maarten (Centrale bank van Curaçao en Sint Maarten)
Solomon Islands Central Bank of Solomon Islands
Somalia Central Bank of Somalia (Bankiga Dhexe ee Soomaaliya)
South Africa South African Reserve Bank
South Sudan Bank of South Sudan
Sri Lanka Central Bank of Sri Lanka (ශ්‍රී ලංකා මහ බැංකුව / இலங்கை மத்திய வங்கி)
Sudan Bank of Sudan (بنك السودان المركزي)
Suriname Central Bank of Suriname (Centrale Bank van Suriname)
Swaziland Central Bank of Swaziland (Umntsholi Wemaswati)
Switzerland Swiss National Bank (Schweizerische Nationalbank / Banque Nationale Suisse / Banca Nazionale Svizzera / Banca Naziunala Svizra)
Syria Central Bank of Syria (مصرف سورية المركزي)
Taiwan Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan) (中華民國中央銀行)
Tajikistan National Bank of Tajikistan (Бонки миллии Тоҷикистон)
Tanzania Bank of Tanzania (Benki Kuu ya Tanzania)
Thailand Bank of Thailand (ธนาคารแห่งประเทศไทย)
Timor-Leste Banco Central de Timor-Leste (Banco Central de Timor-Leste)
Tonga National Reserve Bank of Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia Central Bank of Tunisia (البنك المركزي التونسي / Banque Centrale de Tunisie)
Turkey Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası)
Turkmenistan Central Bank of Turkmenistan (Türkmenistanyň Merkezi Banky)
Uganda Bank of Uganda (Benki Kuu ya Uganda)
Ukraine National Bank of Ukraine (Національний банк України)
United Arab Emirates Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates (مصرف الإمارات العربية المتحدة المركزي)
United States Federal Reserve System
Uruguay Central Bank of Uruguay (Banco Central del Uruguay)
Uzbekistan Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan (O’zbekiston Respublikasi Markaziy Banki / Ўзбекистон Республикаси Марказий Банки)
Vanuatu Reserve Bank of Vanuatu (Reserve Bank blong Vanuatu)
Venezuela Central Bank of Venezuela (Banco Central de Venezuela)
Vietnam State Bank of Vietnam (Ngân hàng nhà nước Việt Nam)
Benin Central Bank of West African States (Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, BCEAO)
Burkina Faso Central Bank of West African States (Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, BCEAO)
Cote d’Ivoire Central Bank of West African States (Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, BCEAO)
Guinea-Bissau Central Bank of West African States (Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, BCEAO)
Mali Central Bank of West African States (Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, BCEAO)
Niger Central Bank of West African States (Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, BCEAO)
Senegal Central Bank of West African States (Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, BCEAO)
Togo Central Bank of West African States (Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, BCEAO)
Yemen Central Bank of Yemen (البنك المركزي اليمني)
Zambia Bank of Zambia
Zimbabwe Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
Abkhazia National Bank of the Republic of Abkhazia (Аҧсны Аҳәынҭқарра Амилаҭтә Банк)
Artsakh Artsakhbank (The State Bank)
Kosovo, Republic of Central Bank of Kosovo (Banka Qendrore e Kosovës)
Northern Cyprus Central Bank of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası)
Somaliland Bank of Somaliland (Baanka Somaliland)
Transnistria Transnistrian Republican Bank (Приднестровский Республиканский Банк)
Countries without Central Banks
Andorra, but the Andorran National Institute of Finance is meeting the tasks of a central bank.
Monaco
Nauru
Kiribati
Tuvalu
Palau
Marshall Islands
Federated States of Micronesia
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